Demand percentage describe the ten functional classifications of educational and general expenses, as a percentage of total operating revenues.  Trends in the ten categories indicate whether they are consuming more or less of an institution’s revenue stream.

The particular percentage can also be valuable for inter-institutional comparisons, to determine where an organization places its emphasis. The formula’s numerator is the specific functional expense category, as defined in the notes to the financial statements.  The denominator is total operating revenues, reported on the Statement of Revenues, Expenses and Changes in Net Position.  

2021 Demand Percentage
2021
Instruction 27.98%
Research 0.31%
Public Service 0.00%
Academic Support 7.18%
Student Services 9.10%
Institutional Support 13.22%
Student Aid 0.74%
Auxiliary Enterprises Expenditures 3.56%
Service Units (Other) 22.12%
2020 Demand Percentage
2020
Instruction 39.35%
Research 0.33%
Public Service 0.00%
Academic Support 1.98%
Student Services 9.20%
Institutional Support 8.93%
Student Aid 0.99%
Auxiliary Enterprises Expenditures 3.64%
Service Units (Other) 23.38%
2019 Demand Percentage
2019
Instruction 42.21%
Research 0.21%
Public Service 0.00%
Academic Support 2.03%
Student Services 9.11%
Institutional Support 14.55%
Student Aid 1.12%
Auxiliary Enterprises Expenditures 4.47%
Service Units (Other) 20.15%
2018 Demand Percentage
2018
Instruction 43.74%
Research 0.23%
Public Service 0.00%
Academic Support 1.91%
Student Services 8.86%
Institutional Support 11.07%
Student Aid 1.38%
Auxiliary Enterprises Expenditures 4.49%
Service Units (Other) 23.30%
2017 Demand Percentage
2017
Instruction 40.82%
Research 0.20%
Public Service 1.78%
Academic Support 8.93%
Student Services 11.16%
Institutional Support 11.16%
Student Aid 2.18%
Auxiliary Enterprises Expenditures 5.33%
Service Units (Other) 22.22%